Olivia as a girl's name is of Latin origin meaning "olive tree". It was coined by Shakespeare as the name of a much-wooed aristocrat in his play "Twelfth Night" (1599). He may have derived the name from the olive plant or as a feminine form of Oliver. In the Bible, the olive tree is a symbol of fruitfulness, beauty, and dignity. Today, "extending an olive branch" traditionally signifies an offer of peace.
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